Dietary Guidelines for Infants and Toddlers

For the first time, the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) provide recommendations on safe and nutritious infant and toddler feeding patterns.

Infant and toddler recommendations encompassed in the 2020 – 2025 DGAs include:

  1. For about the first six months of life, exclusively feed infants human milk. Continue to feed infants human milk through at least the first year of life, and longer if desired. Iron-fortified commercial infant formula is the only recommended alternative to breast milk during the first year of life.
    • There are many reasons why mothers and families may choose not to breastfeed including adoption, inability to produce a full milk supply or pump and store milk safely due to family or workplace pressures, medication, a child’s allergies or troubles producing milk.
    • Homemade infant formulas and those that are improperly and illegally imported into the United States without mandated FDA review and supervision should not be used.
    • Provide infants who are fed human milk with supplemental vitamin D beginning soon after birth.
    • Take precautions to ensure that expressed human milk and prepared infant formula are handled and stored safely.
  2. At about 6 months, introduce infants to nutrient-dense complementary foods. Introduce infants to potentially allergenic foods along with other complementary foods. Encourage infants and toddlers to consume a variety of foods from all food groups. Include foods rich in iron and zinc, particularly for infants fed human milk.

 For more information on infant feeding click here and toddler feeding click here.

INCA Comments to the DGAs

INCA provided comments throughout the process of developing the DGAs, recent comments can be found below.

2019 Infant Feeding Survey

The 2019 Infant Feeding Survey provides insight into parents and families views on infant feeding concerns, questions, and perspectives.